India is home to more than 300,000 active mosques, each a unique expression of local architecture & rich history. Mosques in India are not only sacred, they have interesting stories to tell.
From Delhi to Hyderabad to Kerala, here are 21 magnificent Mosques in India.
Nagina Masjid, Uttar Pradesh
Also known as the Jewel Mosque, it is located within the UNESCO World Heritage Site Agra Fort. Built in pure white marble and featuring simple architecture, this elegant mosque was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1631 and 1640 CE.
Image credit @malihacioglu on IG
Taj-ul-Masajid, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
India’s largest mosque, with interiors spanning about 430,000 square feet, this 19th-century mosque features an iconic pink facade, topped by two 18-storey high towers with marble domes & is located by a lake known as Motia Talab.
Image credit @a_b_jalo on IG
The Charminar, Hyderabad
Constructed in 1591, the landmark is a symbol of Hyderabad and officially incorporated in the emblem of Telangana. The Charminar's long history includes the existence of a mosque on its top floor for more than 425 years.
Image credit Wikepedia
Constructed in 1528-1529 CE, this mosque – built in red sandstone with marble embellishments is considered to be a precursor to the Mughal-style mosque architecture found across India. The mosque has an adjoining tomb of two people named Jamali & Kamali.
Image credit @itihassnama on IG
Hazratbal Masjid, Jammu and Kashmir
This pristine, white marble mosque on the banks of the Dal lake in Srinagar is famous for containing a relic, the Moi-e-Muqaddas, believed by many to be a hair Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The mosque’s name is derived from the Urdu word hazrat.
Image credit @ishahidsultan on IG
Cheraman Juma Masjid, Kerala
Built in 629 CE in a traditional Keralan style, this mosque is thought to be the first in India. Built by the Arab Malik Deenar – who is considered to be a contemporary of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) – it has been renovated many times over the years.
Image credit Mosques of India
Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad
One of the oldest & largest mosques in the city. Commissioned in 1614, it was built by Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah &completed in the year 1694. Together with Chowmahalla Palace, Laad Bazaar & Charminar, it forms the four heritage attractions in the city.
Image credit @mr_hm97 on IG
Jama Masjid, Delhi
One of the largest mosques in the country, it was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan between 1644 & 1656 CE. With 3 great gates, 4 towers, 2 iconic minarets & a large courtyard that can accommodate more than 25,000 people, this is a most popular mosque.
Image credit Pinterest/Unknown
Buland Darvaza entrance to The Jama Masjid at Fatehpur Sikri, Agra
Buland Darwaza was built in 1602 by Mughal emperor Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. It is the main entrance to the Jama Masjid & is the highest gateway in the world.
Hayat Bakshi Begum Masjid, Hyderabad
It is named after Hayat Bakshi Begum wife of Sultan Muhammad Qutb Shah, and mother of Abdullah Qutb Shah. She acted as regent when Abdullah was enthroned in 1626. The Mosque was constructed in 1672.
Image credit Wikepedia
Jumma Masjid, Bangalore
Built by Haji Abdul Quddus in the early 19th century, the Jumma Masjid in Bangalore is said to be one of the oldest mosques in India. It is a beautiful mosque and every year is lit up during the festival time of Eid and Ramadan.
Moti Masjid, Bhopal
The Moti Masjid in Agra was built by Shah Jahan. It earned the epithet Pearl Mosque for it shined like a pearl. It is held that this mosque was constructed by Shah Jahan for his members of the royal court.
Image credit @abdul_explorer on IG
The Jama Masjid, Ahmedabad
One of the largest mosques in India built in the period of 1424 by Emperor Sultan Ahmed Shah. To the west of the mosque are the tombs of Ahmed Shah I, his son and his grandson followed by the graves of the queens of the king.
The Shahi Jama Masjid, Madanjot
Tepraha estate in Bahraich Built by Thaku Salar Bakhsh Asghar Ali and Thakur Muzaffar Ali. One of the most remarkable things about this mosque is that its domes are covered in glazed tilework.
Image credit Wikimedia Commons/Faran Junaid
Sidi Saiyyed Mosque, Ahmedabad
Popularly known as Sidi Saiyyed Ni Jaali, it was built in 1573. It is among the last few mosques built under the Mughal reign. The carved jalis have become famous worldwide & known as the unofficial symbol of Ahmedabad.
Bara Imambara, Lucknow
Built by the then Nawab of Awadh Asaf-ud-Daula, it is one of the most prominent structures of Lucknow. The shrine has two imposing gates that lead to the main hall, a labyrinth, a step well and the Asfi mosque.
Nakhoda Mosque, Kolkata
In the Chitpur area in the Burrabazar business district it is one of the busiest Mosques of Kolkata dating back almost a century. A seating capacity of 10000 the domes & minarets have been constructed to keep with the Fatehpur Sikri architectural style.
Image credit Amit Pasricha
Ashraful Masjid, Amroha, UP
Built in 1825 by Haji Sheikh Ashraf Ali of Azeemabad, it was constructed adjacent to Dewankhana in the premises of the Mahal built by Meer Syed Mohammad Shafaat. The complex that the mosque is part of consisted of a mahal, Sarai & Dewaan khana.
Image credit @Mohd Ayan/GM on IG
Juma Masjid, Kerala
A historic mosque which has stood on eight strong pillars for over a thousand years. It is believed that the mosque on the banks of the Meenachil river was built by the Thekumkoor King. It is renowned for its exquisite wood work.
Image credit: @ecohippie_ on IG
Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra, Ajmer, Rajasthan
One of the oldest mosques in India, and the oldest surviving monument in Ajmer. Commissioned by Qutb-ud-Din-Aibak in 1192 CE and designed by Abu Bakr of Herat, the mosque is an example of early Indo-Islamic architecture.
Jama Masjid of Tonk, Rajasthan
One of the biggest mosques in the country, the Jama Masjid’s construction began in 1246 by Amir Ali Khan, the first Nawab of Tonk and it was completed in 1298 by his son, Nawab Wazirudhoula.
Image credit @Timurid_Mughal on Twitter
There are paintings with gold & ‘meenakari’ work on the walls of the mosque. The mosque has four doors & four minarets. It is constructed in the Mughal architectural style & is regarded as the one of the most grandiose mosques of the country.
Image credit @syedurahman on Twitter
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